The Woyingi Blog

Nigerian History

Under Construction

Timeline of Nigerian History

9000 BCE Late Stone Age evidence of indigenous habitation in Iwo Eleru rock shelter in southwestern Nigeria.

600 BCE Evidence of iron technology used by Nok civilization, near present day Abuja.

1000-1500 CE Foundation of centralized states such as Kanem, Borno, Benin, Ife, Oyo, and the Hausa city states

1100-1400 CE Introduction of Islam into savanna and Sahelian states of northern Nigeria

1804 Usman dan Fodio flees Gobir and then declares jihad against the Hausa rulers of Gobir. This war will eventually lead to the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate in northern Nigeria. The Caliphate spread Islam beyond the ruling classes to common people to a greater extent than had previously existed.

1807 British abolition of the slave trade. Although the trade in slaves continues from southern Nigerian ports for another forty years, trade in palm oil and other forms of “legitimate” commerce expand rapidly from this point.

1833 Final collapse of the Oyo empire, which marks the beginning of sixty years of instability and war among Yoruba states in the southwest.

1846 The Church Missionary Society (CMS) missionaries establish a mission in Abeokuta; from this point Christianity begins to spread rapidly in southern Nigeria for the first time. A new elite emerges in the south, educated in European mission schools and sharing many European cultural attributes.

1861 The British make Lagos a Crown Colony, the beginning of  the British colonization of Nigeria.

1885 Establishment of the Oil Rivers Protectorate in southeastern Nigeria, renamed the Niger Coast Protectorate in 1893.

1886 Formation of the Royal Niger Company (RNC) which monopolizes trade in the Niger basin until the revocation of its charter in 1900. In the same year, a peace treaty is signed, ending the prolonged war among Yoruba-speaking peoples of the southwest.

1887 King Ja Ja of Opobo exiled to the West Indies for abrogation of Treaty of Protection which guaranteed the British free trade in his realm.

1892 British attack on the Ijebu

1893 Establishment by the British of a Protectorate over the Yoruba.

1894 Revolt of the people of Brass against the Royal Niger Company. In the same year, Nana, the Itsekiri governor of the river Benin, is deposed and deported for hindering British access to interior markets

1897 Name “Nigeria” officially adopted.

1898-1909 Ekumeku underground resistance movement fights against the RNC and British colonial rule.

1900 Creation of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria.

1902 The Aro Expedition begins as part of the British effort to “pacify” the hinterlands of eastern Nigeria.

1903 British forces conquer the Sokoto Caliphate and kill the Sultan

1908 Protests in Lagos against the water rate, fueled by the reporting of Nigerian journalists such as Herbert Macaulay, often dubbed the “father of Nigerian nationalism.” Macaulay and other journalists use newspapers to report on and critique the performance of the colonial government.

1914 Amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates.

1914-1918 Nigerian troops aid the British cause in the First World War

1920 Foundation of the National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA)

1923 Establishment of the Clifford Constitution allowing for elected representation for Nigerians in the governance of Nigeria for the first time. Aina Onabolu (1882-1963) fights the colonial administration to introduce art education into the secondary curriculum in Lagos. (See: Nigerian Lives: Aina Onabolu)

1925 Foundation of the West African Students’ Union (WASU)

1929 The “Women’s War”, or Aba Riots, a major protest against colonial taxation and British indirect rule in southeastern Nigeria.

1936 Foundation of the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) a political organization of young nationalists in the Lagos area

1944 Nnamdi Azikiwe founds the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (later Nigerian Citizens) which quickly becomes an influential political party pushing for independence for Nigeria from British colonial rule. In the same year Olufunmilayo Ransome-Kuti founds the Abeokuta Ladies’ Club, later renamed the Abeokuta Women’s Union (AWU) to lobby against the injustices of colonial indirect rule.

1945 Nigerian labor unions organize a General Strike bringing work and business to a standstill. The strike precipitates important economic changes in the form of the first Ten Year Plan, adopted later the same year.

1948 Establishment of the first Nigerian university in Ibadan

To be continued

4 Responses

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  1. Yetunde Aina said, on November 10, 2012 at 12:11 pm

    Greetings Chelby, Just stumbled across your blog and have spent an enjoyable on it. Am impressed by how much research, work has gone into developing a real resource for Africans here and in diaspora. Amazing that you are thousands of miles away in Canada! Your Nigeria timeline mentions 1914 and the Amalgamation – and I would welcome an opportunity to discuss a project we are working in towards 2014 and Nigeria’s Centennial. I would like to discuss it with you and see if you would be interested in being involved. Look forward to hearing from you.

  2. Frank Ududo said, on January 31, 2013 at 11:02 am

    It’s amazing that the treaty of amalgamation of Nigeria remains a mystgery document that can’t be reached. I have searched every where for facts as to where the treaty was signed. Interestingly, the location that I have been given hasnt been mentioned at all by any record I have read on the issue. Why are the British hiding the contents of this important document? Who were the signatories to this treaty? Will greatly appreciate any update/contribution on this.

  3. smyls said, on February 28, 2013 at 3:40 am

    Nice research..pls can u assist me on a research about NCBWA roles towards actualization of nigeria independence…hope to read from u soon!!

  4. Peter said, on January 11, 2014 at 10:43 pm

    Lying emphasis on treaty of almalgamation on a torough and expensive research i air out the fact that; It was in Ikot Abasi that the treaty of almalgamation in 1914 originated. After the treaty by Lord Lugard the secrete was secure by the world power which is to be revoluted in a century. Nigerians living as a unified country does not mean the assented law must not be enacted. A call for almalgamation was as a result of the illitracy of the Northerners. Moreso, due to inability of the coloniel master to introde the southerners due to some socialize and educated ilites who disagree with the coloniel master. After the briging together of the Northerners and southerners in 1st jan. 1914 and the inability of the Southerners to utilize their oils well make them to agree indirectly for the col. Master to introde, that is why direct and indirect rule came into existence, the directly rule mostly carryout in the Northern country those days. In essence algalmation will expire in 2014 or a called to agreed on extinction 2015 either to continue as a unified country ” Nigeria”, or to be divided. The expiration will be enforce by the world power not an individual. No favour to each party nor group as it was stated the Northerners and the southernes will be divided respectively without crisis, religious and cultural affliction. BY PETER IKONO.

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